Saturday, March 27, 2010

Blood Clots / Stroke- they now have a 4th indicator, the TONGUE

A neurologist says that if he can get to a stroke victim within 3 hours he can totally reverse the effects of a stroke...totally. He said the trick was getting a stroke recognized, diagnosed, and then getting the patient medically cared for within 3 hours, which is tough.
Thank God for the sense to remember the '3' steps, STR . Read and Learn!
Sometimes symptoms of a stroke are difficult to identify. Unfortunately, the lack of awareness spells disaster. The stroke victim may suffer severe brain damage when people nearby fail to recognize the symptoms of a stroke.
Now doctors say a bystander can recognize a stroke by asking three simple questions:
S *Ask the individual to SMILE.
T *Ask the person to TALK and SPEAK A SIMPLE SENTENCE (Coherently)(I.e. It is sunny out today)
R *Ask him or her to RAISE BOTH ARMS.
If he or she has trouble with ANY ONE of these tasks, call emergency number immediately and describe the symptoms to the dispatcher.
New Sign of a Stroke -------- Stick out Your Tongue
NOTE: Another 'sign' of a stroke is this: Ask the person to 'stick' out his tongue.. If the tongue is 'crooked', if it goes to one side or the other, that is also an indication of a stroke.

Saturday, November 15, 2008

Food Dyes should be banned

The British Food Standard Agency deserves credit for encouraging manufactures and restaurants to switch to safer, natural colorings.As a result of government pressure, Kelloge, McDolands , Craft, Mars, and other multinational companies now market foods without dyes in Britain, but market the same foods with dyes in the United States. The U.S food and drug administration maintains flatly that well conducted controlled studies have produced no evidence that food additives cause hyperactivity or learning disabilities in children.

Tomato Food products protects against prostate cancer and DNA damage

New research reveals additional clues to the mechanism behind tomatoes known protective effect against prostate cancer.

Investigators at all university of Missouri-Columbia, and colleagues demonstrated that FruHis, a carbohydrate derivative present in dehydrated tomato products, exerts this effect.

Laboratory studies showed that FruHis Protected against DNA damage. A combination of lycopene, an antioxidant in tomatoes that also protects against DNA damage, and FruHis caused a greater than 98% inhabitation of prostate cancer cell growth in vitro compared with single agents.

Sunshine Vitamin D Deficiency

Fortification of foods and advice on sensible sun exposure are urgently needed.

Rickets became extremely rare in the United Kingdom, Europe and United States after it was realized that exposure to ultraviolet light was the major of vitamin D, and after the fortification of milk and other foods with vitamin D.
At least a billion people world wide are estimated to be vitamin D Deficient, mainly because of inadequate exposure to sunlight and inadequate fortification of food with vitamin D.

Human breast milk contains very little vitamin D and women with vitamin D Deficiency provide no vitamin D for their infant.

Vitamin D deficiency causes Secondary Hyperparathyroidism and increases destruction of the skeleton by precipitating on exacerbation osteropenia and osteoporosis. Raised parathyroid hormone concentration include phosphaturia and hypophospatemia, this causes a mineralization defect of the osteoid (osteomalacia). Unlike osteoporosis, which is painless disease, rickets and the adult counterpart osteomalacia can cause non-specific aches and pains in bones and muscles, and severe muscle weakness.

Vitamin D deficiency, or lack exposure to the sun have an increased risk of many risk of many cancers. Increasing the intake of vitamin D to 1000 IU a day reduces the risk of colorectal cancer and other deadly cancers by 30-50%. Vitamin D deficiency is also linked to cardiovascular disease.

One study found that the risk for the first cardiovascular event was 62% higher in people with Vitamin D deficiency.
Vitamin Deficiency has also been associated with autoimmune disease, infectious disease, and schizophrenia.

Serum calcium concentrations are usually normal in people with vitamin D deficiency and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D values are normal or raised.

The only way to know a person's vitamin D status to measure serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations. Aggressive treatment of vitamin D deficiency with 300 000 IU of intramuscular vitamin D daily. Vitamin D (50,000 IU) once a week for eight weeks will correct vitamin D deficiency. To maintain vitamin D sufficiency, 500,000 IU of vitamin D twice a month or 1000-2000 IU of vitamin D a day is usually sufficient. Vitamin D intoxication is an extremely rare.
Although the health benefits of vitamin D sufficiency are clear, awareness of dangers of vitamin D deficiency is lacking. People with vitamin D deficiency have no obvious symptoms until it is so severe that they develop osteomalacia; this is often misdiagnosed as fibromyalgia.

Thursday, November 13, 2008

Whiplash injuries, symptoms, causes and prevention

Whiplash is an acute injury of at least moderate intensity which causes a strain to the bones, muscles, nerves, tendons, and vertebral discs of the neck region. It is caused by a sudden, unexpected impact which jerks the head back and then forward causing the neck to snap out of alignment.

Where could it happen?
1. Traffic/stop light (‘traffic light disease’)
2. End of traffic jam/queue
3. Sport (Boxing, Karate, Judo……)
4. Roller coaster

What are the symptoms?
Symptoms are:
Headaches/migraines, stiffness, neck pain, dizziness (nausea/vomiting), problems thinking or remembering, numbness and tingling (arms, face, shoulders), jaw pain, low back pain, hip pain, impaired vision.
What is a potential outcome?
before after

Note misalignment of vertebral discs after suffering from a whiplash injury.

What happens to the driver during a rear end collision if
- head restraint
- seat position
- seat belt height
are not adjusted correctly?

1) Body moves up – depending on angle of backrest and position of seat belt adjustor,..
2)... head jerks back…..
3) …pushing the head restraint down

What are the facts?


- even low speed accidents can cause significant injuries depending on where and how hard your car got hit, your position in the car, the position of your head, type of seat, position of the headrest, your pre-accident medical condition, and other things

- only 12% of persons who suffer from whiplash are symptom-free after 10 years

- Saab was the first to introduce an active protection system (SAHR); Volvo’s “Whiplash Protection Seating System” reduces acceleration forces on the neck by up to 50 %

- A study by Young et al. (2005) showed that 93% of all head restraints observed were sub-optimally positioned A L Young, B T Ragel, E Su, C N Mann, E H Frank: Assessing automobile head restraint positioning in Portland, Oregon; Injury Prevention 2005; 11: 97-101.

How can it be prevented?
Adjust your head restraint

1) Ensure that the top of the head restraint is as high as the top of your head.
2) Position the head restraint as close to the rear of your head as possible.

Adjust your seat position
First, the driver's back should be flat against the back of the seat with the buttocks squarely tucked into the corner created at the intersection of the seat back and bottom. The underside of the legs should be in contact with the seat bottom. The purpose of this position is to provide as much surface contact between the driver's body and the seat. This has safety benefits as well as providing the driver with the most tactile feedback as possible

Second is the arm position. The arms when fully extended should allow the wrists to rest at the top of the steering wheel. This allows the arms to be slightly bent at the elbow when fully extended for a turn. The purpose of this position is to prevent the arms from being overextended during turns (the shoulders should not need to lift from the seat back even to do a full arm crossover). Overextending the arms will cause them to tire quickly, and will cause the driver to lose sensitivity to the vibrations in the steering wheel

Third is the leg position. When any of the pedals are fully depressed with the ball of the foot on the pedal (not the toes), the leg should still be bent at the knee. This is to prevent overextension as described for the arms. Be sure that the knees are not against the underdash or steering column. In fact, there should be several inches room to prevent injury in event of a collision.
Finally, whiplash injuries can be prevented by following guidelines:
  1. Adjust head restraint – not only in your own car!

  2. Adjust seat position.

  3. Check seat belt adjustor position.
  4. Leave plenty of space (escape route) if you are the last car in a traffic jam – closely observe oncoming traffic in rear view mirror.
  5. Look up safety ratings before buying your next new or used car .

Saturday, November 8, 2008

Tips to Healthy Teeth and brushing your teeth

If you want a healthy teeth, here are some tips and guidelines:

  • Brush at least twice a day using fluouride containing tooth paste (two minutes each time) and floss every night.
  • Use a soft-bristled toothbrush (teeth cleaning and brushing techniques are highlighted below).
  • Brush your tongue to clear all odours.
  • Avoid vigorous or harsh scrubbing.
  • Massage your gums with your fingertips for two minutes once a day for two minutes to improve circulation.
  • See a dentist’s recommendation for mouthwash, especially for children.
  • Replace your tooth brush every three months.
  • Consider using an electric toothbrush, especially if you have joint pains or arthritis that makes brushing difficult.
  • Rinse your mouth after each meal.
  • Avoid snacks in between meals.
  • Your diet should contain a lot of calcium like milk or cheese and lots of fruits and vegetables.
  • Vitamin C found in citrus fruits, guavas etc. is essential for healthy gums.
  • Apples are an excellent cleanser of teeth.
  • Maintain a balanced diet and reduce the consumption of foods containing sugars or starch (such as snacks or potato chips) as they accelerate tooth decay.
  • Cola drinks damage teeth.
  • Smoking stains teeth and damages gums by reducing blood supply.
  • Chewing sugar-free gum prevents bad breath and fights tooth decay.
  • Don’t chew on hard objects that can crack your teeth.

Teeth Cleaning and brushing techniques are as follows:
1. Apply the paste or Gel on to your brush.
2. Hold the brush at an angle of 45 degree and brush the outer surfaces in a circular or up and down motion.
3. Using the same circular motion, brush the inside of the back teeth.
4. Use the tips of the brush to clean the inner surfaces of the front teeth.
5. Using a scrubbing motion, clean the chewing surfaces. Also brush your tongue gently and rinse well with water.

Wednesday, October 15, 2008

A chat with leading Indian cardiologist Dr. Devi Shetty

Given below is a chat, arranged by WIPRO for its employees, with Dr. Devi Shetty, Narayana Hrudayalaya (Heart Specialist) Bangalore.

Qn: What are the five thumb rules for a layman to take care of his
Ans: 1. Diet - Less of carbohydrate, more of protein, less oil
2. Exercise - Half an hour’s walk at least five days a week; avoid lifts and avoid sitting for a longtime.
3. Quit smoking
4. Control weight
5. Control blood pressure and sugar

Qn: Is eating non-Veg food (fish) good for the heart?

Ans: No

Qn: It's still a grave shock to hear that some apparently healthy person gets a cardiac arrest. How do we understand it in perspective?
Ans: This is called silent attack; that is why we recommend everyone past the age of 30 to undergo routine health checkups.

Qn: Are heart diseases hereditary?

Ans: Yes

Qn: What are the ways in which the heart is stressed? What practices do you suggest de-stressing?

Ans: Change your attitude towards life. Do not look for perfection in everything in life.

Qn: Is walking better than jogging or is more intensive exercise required to keep a healthy heart?

Ans: Walking is better than jogging since jogging leads to early fatigue and injury to joints.

Qn: You have done so much for the poor and needy. What has inspired you to do so?

Ans: Mother Theresa, who was my patient.

Qn: Can people with low blood pressure suffer heart diseases?

Ans: Extremely rare

Qn: Does cholesterol accumulates right from an early age (I'm currently only 22) or do you have to worry bout it only after you are above 30 years of age?

Ans: Cholesterol accumulates from childhood.

Qn: How do irregular eating habits affect the heart?

Ans: You tend to eat junk food when the habits are irregular and your body's enzyme release for digestion gets confused.

Qn: How can I control cholesterol content without using medicines?

Ans: Control diet, walk and eat walnut.

Qn: Can yoga prevent heart ailments?

Ans: Yoga helps.

Qn: Which is the best and worst food for the heart?

Ans: Best food is fruits worst are oil.

Qn: Which oil is better - gingili, groundnut, sunflower, saffola, olive?

Ans: All oils are bad; the so-called best oil company has the largest marketing budget.

Qn: What is the routine checkup one should go through? Is there any specific test?

Ans: Routine blood test to ensure sugar, cholesterol is ok. Check BP, Treadmill test after an echo.

Qn: What are the first aid steps to be taken on a heart attack?

Ans: Help the person into a sleeping position, put an aspirin tablet under the tongue with a sorbitrate tablet if available, and rush him to a coronary care unit since the maximum casualty takes place within the first hour.

Qn: How do you differentiate between pain caused by a heart attack and that caused due to gastric trouble?

Ans: Extremely difficult without ECG.

Qn: What is the main cause of a steep increase in heart problems amongst youngsters? I see people of about 30-40 yrs of age having heart attacks and serious heart problems.

Ans: Increased awareness has increased incidents. Also, sedentary lifestyles, smoking, junk food, lack of exercise in a country where people are genetically three times more vulnerable for heart attacks than Europeans and Americans.

Qn: Is it possible for a person to have BP outside the normal range of 120/80 and yet be perfectly healthy?

Ans: Yes.

Qn: Marriages within close relatives can lead to heart problems for
the child. Is it true?

Ans: Yes, co-sanguinity leads to congenital abnormalities and you may not have a software engineer as a child

Qn: Many of us have an irregular daily routine and many a times we have to stay late nights in office. Does this affect our heart? What precautions would you recommend?

Ans: When you are young, nature protects you against all these irregularities. However, as you grow older, respect the biological clock.

Qn: Will taking anti-hypertensive drugs cause some other complications (short / long term)?

Ans: Yes, most drugs have some side effects. However, modern anti- hypertensive drugs are extremely safe.

Qn: Will consuming more coffee/tea lead to heart attacks?

Ans: No.

Qn: Are asthma patients more prone to heart disease?

Ans: No.

Qn: How would you define junk food?

Ans: Fried food like Kentucky, McDonalds, samosas, and even masala dosas.

Qn: You mentioned that Indians are three times more vulnerable. What is the reason for this, as Europeans and Americans also eat a lot of junk food?

Ans: Every race is vulnerable to some disease and unfortunately, Indians are vulnerable for the most expensive disease. Qn: Does consuming bananas help reduce hypertension?

Ans: No.

Qn: Can a person help himself during a heart attack (Because we see a lot of forwarded emails on this)?

Ans: Yes. Lie down comfortably and put an aspirin tablet of any description under the tongue and ask someone to take you to the nearest coronary care unit without any delay and do not wait for
the ambulance since most of the time, the ambulance does not turn up.

Qn: Do, in any way, low white blood cells and low hemoglobin count lead to heart problems?

Ans: No. But it is ideal to have normal hemoglobin level to increase your exercise capacity.

Qn: Sometimes, due to the hectic schedule we are not able to exercise. So, does walking while doing daily chores at home or climbing the stairs in the house, work as a substitute for exercise?
Ans: Certainly. Avoid sitting continuously for more than half an hour and even the act of getting out of the chair and going to another chair and sitting helps a lot.

Qn: Is there a relation between heart problems and blood sugar?
Ans: Yes. A strong relationship since diabetics is more vulnerable to heart attacks than non-diabetics.

Qn: What are the things one needs to take care of after a heart operation?
Ans: Diet, exercise, drugs on time. Control cholesterol, BP, weight.
Qn: Are people working on night shifts more vulnerable to heart disease when compared to day shift workers?

Ans: No.

Qn: What are the modern anti-hypertensive drugs?

Ans: There are hundreds of drugs and your doctor will chose the right combination for your problem, but my suggestion is to avoid the drugs and go for natural ways of controlling blood pressure by
walk, diet to reduce weight and changing attitudes towards lifestyles.

Qn: Does dispirin or similar headache pills increase the risk of heart attacks?
Ans: No.

Qn: Why is the rate of heart attacks more in men than in women?
Ans: Nature protects women till the age of 45.

Qn: How can one keep the heart in a good condition?

Ans: Eat a healthy diet, avoid junk food, exercise everyday, do not smoke and, go for a health checkup if you are past the age of 30 for at least once in two yrs. And work very hard and enjoy your Life...